Draw in Easy Steps
Start with Shapes and Lines
Don’t worry about the detail of the person’s clothes or how their eyes will look. First you want a perspective of their shape, how they are posed, and the general outline of their body. To do this, use basic shapes like circles, rectangles, and triangles. A circle or an egg can represent a human face and then their body can be done with a rectangle. Focus on their size, the way the limbs are positioned, and the general shape of your drawing.
When doing the basic outline, make sure you are using faint lines. A hard pencil like an HB or a 2H will be perfect. The lines drawn by these pencils are faint and easy to erase.
Pencil in the Details – Adding Volume
You’ve got the skeleton of your picture done now it’s time to add in volume. Take your HB pencil (nothing lighter) and start going over the outlines to add in the details of your drawings. This is the stage where you add in the eyes, the curve of the lips, and the general outline of their clothes.
Keep it all simple. Don’t focus yet on the shading, lighting, or any emphasis on the details. Don’t worry about adding complex lines to their clothes or edges to their faces. Just add in the important stuff for now.
For many this can be the third and final step. Use a good eraser like a rubber eraser or Blue Tac. Never rub your eraser on the paper to make changes. Doing so only takes off the upper layer of the paper and can ruin the quality of the page. Blue Tac is the best alternative – simply press down on the line you need to remove and it will literally catch the graphite off the paper. This avoids any damage on the paper you use.
Adding emphasis takes time. As you are erasing the guidelines and other lines you no longer need you will also be adding in extra details. This is the step where you add in shading and lines to give emphasis. All those fancy textures you find in professional drawings are done in this final step. However, if you want to add color or really bring your drawing to life, there is one more step.
You could use ink pens to manually add colors and many prefer to do so. Some use water colors and others use paint or even crayons and colored pencils to achieve different effects. However, the most in-depth editing and coloring is done on a computer.