Category: Visual Graphic Arts

Types, Characteristics and Uses of Paper

  1. Art Paper- This is a smooth, high gloss, coated paper with both sides coated with Kaolin. It is used for making calendars, brochures, covers for magazines, labels, book jackets etc.
  2. Bond Paper-This is a strong printing material that has been given a plate finish. It has good durability and strength. Its stiffness is good and has a good erasing quality. It also has an excellent ink-receptive quality. It is used for drawing, printing, making of letterheads, magazines, notebooks, brochures etc. Watercolours and permanent markers can be used on it with success.
  3. Bank Paper- This is a thin, smooth, light-weight paper usually white though some are coloured. They are used for producing currency notes.
  4. Brown Paper- This is a strong, buff coloured sheet that has great tensile strength. It is used for making envelopes, covering notebooks and for wrapping items.
  5. Blotting paper- This is fairly strong and glossy used for producing flowers.
  6. Cartridge Paper- This is strong, heavy stock, and textured. It is also coarse, off white, absorbent and thicker than bond sheet. It is used for drawing, making prints, book covers and poster work.
  7. Carbon Paper- This is a thin material that is either coated at one side or both
By Gregory January 28, 2019 Off

Adjusting Shadows And Highlights

IN ADDITION to using Curves and Levels to correct the tonality of your photographs, you can also play with the Shadows/Highlights feature to help recover details in the shadow and highlight areas of a backlit image. This feature works a little bit like the Recovery and Fill Light sliders in Adobe Camera Raw, plus it also has additional controls to help with improving the blown out areas caused by a camera fl ash and lightening shadows in well exposed photographs. Best of all, you can apply Shadows/Highlights as a nondestructive filter if you first convert your image into a Smart Object.


Start this project by opening a backlit image in Photoshop. If you don’t have one to work with but you do have a digital camera, take a picture of someone or something indoors in front of a bright window.

Select your image layer and choose Filter > Convert for Smart Filters. Converting the layer into a Smart Object lets you apply the Shadows/Highlight adjustment as a nondestructive Smart Filter that acts a lot like an adjustment layer, including having its own layer mask that you can use to selectively edit certain parts of …

By Gregory January 20, 2019 Off

3D Animation Walkthrough

Using 3D walkthrough presentations allow viewers to feel like they are actually walking through the art. It is no longer just a single image that is created but a whole new movie or what most people actually consider as experiences. Most people have actually commented that this type of walkthrough is what can be compared to the innovative idea of virtual reality in years past.

The 3D animation walkthrough is very successful in combining two of the most advanced concepts today. First, it makes use of 3D rendering which delivers very realistic images that can coax emotional responses from the public. The other concept involved is that of animation walkthrough or visualization. With the 3D aspect, viewers can view different angles of the images being shown. There are also different views that are made possible through this technology. Whether it is a bird’s eye view that should be provided to the viewers, or a view from below or at different angles from the ground, 3D rendering can make it all possible. As for the walkthrough experience, it offers views of different scenes and areas, thus giving viewers a virtually realistic experience.

There are many individuals and companies that offer their …

By Gregory January 16, 2019 Off

Methods for Rendering 3D Images

The term rendering means the calculations carried out by a render engine equipped with a 3D software package to interpret a 3D scene from a mathematical approximation to a finalized 2D image. Throughout the process, the scene’s textural, spatial and lightning information are brought together to come up with the color value of each pixel in the compressed image.

There are two major kinds of rendering and they are differentiated by the speed at which they compute and finalize images. These two major kinds are real time rendering and pre-rendering (offline rendering). Real time rendering is mostly used in gaming and interactive graphics due to the need to compute images from 3D information at a very fast speed. Since it is going to be difficult to predict the way a game player will interrelate with the game environment, it is very important to render images in real time as the action open up.

Moreover, a minimum of 18 to 20 frames per second must be rendered to the screen so that the motion will appear fluid. If you want an improved real time rendering, endeavor to pre-compile as much information as possible and also make use of dedicated graphics hardware. …

By Gregory January 10, 2019 Off

Types of Creating Cartoon Drawings

Gag cartoons

‘Gag’ literally means a ‘joke’. Gag cartoons are usually single-paneled cartoon that is used to create fun about people in general. They create humor by the use of overstatements. They are used as a means of entertainment. Sometimes, they are used to highlight and poke fun at the faults or mistakes of humans. The cartoons may be accompanied by a single-sentence caption which may be the spoken words of a character.

Comic strip cartoons

This type of cartoon appears as regular features with known or established characters in newspapers. They are portrayed in series to illustrate or tell a story. Each strip includes a series of panels with the words of characters encased in a balloon. They are published together in one or two pages.

Animated cartoons (Animation)

This is a short, computer drawn cartoons made to appear as if it is hand drawn. They are made in series to create the illusion of movement and action. They are used for cinematography and are produced on audio-video screens. To create animation, each successive drawing in a panel is made to slightly differ from the first one before it to portray the notion of movement.

Editorial cartoons

This type …

By Gregory January 5, 2019 Off


There are two main classifications of Origami. They are the Traditional Origami and the Creative Origami. The traditional origami deals with the use of paper creating simple forms, shapes and animals such as frogs, boats, balloons, insects, and plants. On the other hand, the creative origami involves the creation of very complex and elaborate designs with paper such as buildings, cars, airplanes, dinosaurs, etc. Many professional fields such as architecture and engineering have applied the principles of origami in producing prototype models of their architectural structures and automobiles before building the actual products. Health providers and clinical psychologists have used origami as an art activity for the elderly, handicapped and mentally deranged persons as an effective rehabilitation tool.

To produce an origami piece, the artist needs to remember these essential points; The paper to be used for producing the piece should be square. No adhesive or cutting is needed in origami. The paper to be used may be colourful to increase the aesthetic appeal of the final work. The artist should put these two essential qualities to play thus tolerance and patience.
The artist must strictly follow the rules that govern the folding of the paper such as;┬áCorners and …

By Gregory January 4, 2019 Off

Draw a Turtle Step by Step

A simple step by step guide will help your child draw a turtle that is most appealing and this eventually sticks thus he or she will manage to draw the animal whenever and wherever without asking for assistance. It calls for the creativity and the drawing professionals have broken down the animal to make it easy to draw the different body parts one at a time in the end having a complete image that was not as hard to get.

To learn how to draw a turtle, you will need to follow the steps to the letter. The first step is to draw the body which is more of an oval shape and also drawing the head and eye of the turtle. Step two should be to add both the back and front flippers making the front ones larger compared to the back ones. To make the difference and distinguish the flippers, add some patterns on them as the third step of your drawing. The final fourth step would then be to add body patterns to achieve a cute turtle.

The step by step drawing lessons are offered by some sites from where you can practically easily learn how to …

By Gregory December 23, 2018 Off

Design Custom T-Shirts

First, it’s important to spend some time brainstorming. You might think your first idea is perfect (and maybe it is!), but chances are, once you get your creativity juices flowing, you’ll come upon an even better idea. A great design takes time and creativity, both of which can’t be rushed. It’s also important to involve other members of the group. Run ideas by the whole group so that everyone is on board with it and allow team members to contribute their own design suggestions. Involving more people, you’ll inevitably round up more ideas, making for a more thoughtful and interesting t-shirt.

As you consider the design, think about your group’s personality and message. Are you modern or old-fashioned? Crazy or elegant? Fun or somber? Your design should communicate something about your group and do it clearly and carefully. Also, although you might be tempted to throw all of your design ideas at this t-shirt, remember that simplicity often goes hand-in-hand with effective communication. Although you should feel free to make your design crazy and cluttered (that’s the beauty of customized t-shirts!), simple designs usually communicate a group’s name and idea more clearly.

Next, think about color. The more ink colors …

By Gregory December 13, 2018 Off