Two-dimensional artworks are works that have length and breadth. They do not have depth or height. They are flat and are viewed and appreciated as such. Examples of two-dimensional arts include photographs, posters, mosaic etc. In two-dimensional compositions, the artist has to give particular attention to how the various elements of design are organized or arranged. Their arrangement should be governed by the various principles of design in the given space. For instance, the text and images in the picture area should be organized in such a way that there will be balance, dominance, rhythm, unity etc. at work. If serious thought and considerable time are given to the way the various elements in a two-dimensional work is composed, the entire work will be seen as a unified whole.
A three-dimensional art form refers to any art form that has height, breadth, depth and can be viewed and appreciated from different directions. They are free-standing and are sometimes referred to as ‘works in the round’. Examples of three-dimensional works include basketry, sculpture-in-the-round, ceramic ware, bead etc. In three-dimensional compositions, the arrangements of the various parts or components of the design should be guided by the principles of design. Also, in …
A reed diffuser bottle! The choices in containers can be of various types, according to your home décor and your likings. Here’s how…
- a reed diffuser bottle
- essential oils (e.g. lavender, rosemary, eucalyptus)
- reeds or bamboo skewers
- Fill the reed diffuser bottle with water, add a few tablespoons of vodka and an essential oil of your choice. Use the ration of 12 drops of essential oil per 1/4 cup of water. Mix the ingredients together.
- Place one end of the reeds into the solution, allow to soak and then reverse the reeds so the opposite end is submerged. You’ll need to rotate the reeds weekly.
Make Your Own Deodorizing Spray
Store Bought Deodorizing Sprays are supposed to freshen up your home and fabrics – but it’s packed full of toxic chemicals that are dangerous to our health. Plus, it can be outrageously expensive.
It is so simple to make that you’ll never have to buy it again.
- a spray bottle
- distilled water
- one teaspoon of baking soda
- 12 drops of essential oil – such as lavender, eucalyptus, lemon, orange or anything you prefer
- Add the baking soda to a bowl, add the essential oil
- It assists clients in differentiating the product of one company from the other. This serves as a tool in checking counterfeit or fake products.
- It helps the manufacturers of the product in maintaining the quality of their products. This heightens the value of their products.
- It gives information about the origin of the product so that customers who are dissatisfied with the specifications of the product can relay their queries with little or no difficulty.
- It serves as a legal property of an association or institution. Logos serve as symbols of authority of a company. It assists foreign investors and traders in quickly identifying the owners of a particular product so that they can do business transactions with them.
- It must be simple in design to aid in easy identification and recognition by clients.
- It should be able to give quick description of the activities of the company or association.
- It has to be highly original and distinct from those already used by other companies.
- It must be attractive in design, shape and colour (if any).
- The shape must have symbolic or philosophical meanings that have a bearing with the values, ideologies and aspirations of the company.
To save money brief the designer with solid outlay of what it is your business wants and any ideas you have. Designers don’t have crystal balls and can only work with what they are given. A solid brief will get the message across quickly so the designer doesn’t have to fumble around and use your money on time to work out what your business require. Send the designer all the images/text/ and possible layout roughs.
Then leave it up to them after all that’s there profession give them a deadline and sit back and wait for the magic to appear. The graphic designer you hire should have an online portfolio so make sure to check that they are suitable to do your artwork and you like there style. Each and every graphic designer has a different outlook so portfolios will differ. With the design process rolling now is the time to gather all your content and get the exhibition ready, call printers and gather quotes don’t be afraid to ask them to drop the price it’s a competitive world. Ok! So you have now briefed the designer, gather quotes from print houses what is next? Arrange for the printer to …
RGB colour mode is primarily used working on graphics to be displayed on television or computer monitors (i.e. websites or video) Red, Green and Blue are the primary colours when working with Light. So how can you tell it uses RGB, look very closely at your screen to see a small pattern including Red, Green and Blue dots (RGB colours). When RGB colours are blended together equally and it creates white none of the colours present black is created. This colour is known specifically as ADDICTIVE COLOUR.
The secondary colours are Cyan, Magenta and Yellow. A simple theory is imagining sitting in a dark room with no light at all the wall in front of you will appear black. Now with three friends sitting directly behind you were to shine three lights Red, Green and blue, the three colours would appear and any overlap creates the white light.
Red and Green create Yellow light, Green and blue create Cyan and blue and Red create magenta light. But interestingly when the three colours combine together equally they then create White. This is called RGB colour mode and is why it is used on video and website design graphics.
Important: Just because you have the latest copy of Microsoft Word or a basic drawing program does not make you an effective poster designer. There are certain guidelines you must follow when developing an effective, eye-catching poster in terms of fonts, colours, size etc.
A professional poster designer will be able to not only provide you with a great design but also advise you on the correct paper type based on where the poster will be displayed. For example, a poster that is south facing, outside and by the coast consequently exposed to high levels of UV and rain will need to be printed on different paper than a poster that will be displayed indoors, within a poster frame.
Keeping your initial design ideas simple is paramount. Choose a design that your market can relate to. Don’t overcrowd the paper and keep your wording simple so that all ages and types of different potential customers that pass by will be able to understand it. Leonardo da Vinci said, “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.” You only need to look at any Apple products to see the truth in that quote.
Another factor that you will need to think about is the …
Getting the Right Paper
Your paper should be on the top of your list. You will want a type of paper that is not too smooth because smooth paper can lead to smears and faint lines. You will also want to avoid very rough paper because the lines could get thick, fuzzy, and hard to control.
Bristol paper and Vellum paper are some of the most popular types used by professional cartoonists. Comic book artists tend to use Vellum because of the texture – it is just smooth enough to avoid unnecessary thick, fuzzy pencil lines but not too smooth to cause severe smears or smudges. Bristol has several variants so take some time to find which one works best for you. Sometimes simple Oslo or Office Printing Paper can do well and a lot of cartoonists use these papers for sketches.
Getting the Right Pencil
The pencil is going to be your bread and butter. Cartoon drawings tend to rely on two kinds of lines – one faint line and one thick line for borders and emphasis lines. However, you need three, not two, types of pencils.
Go to any office supply store and look at the pencils. You …
- First, find a channel that has the tonal range. We are going to use the black & white version. Now, switch to the Channels palette. You will see three channels option naming “Red”, “Green” and “Blue”.
- Click on each Red, Green and Blue channels to select them individually. Now press Control + A to select and Control +C to copy it. At this point, click on the color composite channel and your photo will appear in full color.
- In the next step, paste the channel as a new layer. Add a new blank layer and past the copied layer. Go to the filter menu and select Smart Sharpen. Enter 75 percent value and click OK.
- Add a new layer above the latest layer and select the gradient tool from the Photoshop palate. You can also click G on your keyboard for quick access. Go up to the Photoshop palate and click on the gradient preview area. Set your gradient colors to black and white. Click OK to exit.
- We are going to create an illusion, from the top right corner of the image. Therefore, we will drag the Gradient Towards at the top right corner of the Image. Start dragging
The age old adage that a picture is worth a thousand words is more true for maps in a presentation. The data which may take tens of slides to represent or explain can be easily put in just one thematic map. But how to make it without any GIS or geographical analysis tools. You can find a right image by searching the net by Google Image search. Sounds easy, but no. There are so many map images available on the net but can you use them. May be no, why? The image may be copyrighted. So why not use images from ShutterStock or some similar website offering images. Here also you need to purchase license and spend hours searching for the right map or image which matches the theme of your presentation.
So should I hire a graphics artist to make a custom design for me. If the presentation is so important that you can spend hundreds of dollars for a custom map, then it is okay. But if you want to do the job in minimal budget with maximum output then the answer lies in freeform PPT maps editable in powerpoint software itself. Yes, no need purchase an expensive …
Start with Shapes and Lines
Don’t worry about the detail of the person’s clothes or how their eyes will look. First you want a perspective of their shape, how they are posed, and the general outline of their body. To do this, use basic shapes like circles, rectangles, and triangles. A circle or an egg can represent a human face and then their body can be done with a rectangle. Focus on their size, the way the limbs are positioned, and the general shape of your drawing.
When doing the basic outline, make sure you are using faint lines. A hard pencil like an HB or a 2H will be perfect. The lines drawn by these pencils are faint and easy to erase.
Pencil in the Details – Adding Volume
You’ve got the skeleton of your picture done now it’s time to add in volume. Take your HB pencil (nothing lighter) and start going over the outlines to add in the details of your drawings. This is the stage where you add in the eyes, the curve of the lips, and the general outline of their clothes.
Keep it all simple. Don’t focus yet on the shading, lighting, or any …