• Painting

    About Impasto

    Other types of paint can be used with the impasto technique: you’ll find that acrylics lend themselves quite well to this technique, though not as well as oils. If you want to use watercolours for this technique, you’ll have to add some sort of thickening agent to them to make them suitable for impasto. Most impasto paintings are done with oils – even if you’re painting with oils, you can still add mediums to the paint to make it even thicker. As for brushes, you should use any brush that’s capable of holding a lot of paint. Similarly if you’re using a knife, use one that can easily hold lots of paint.

    The impasto technique is quite easy to master. Simply load your brush or knife with much more paint than you’d normally need and apply it thickly to the canvas. Instead of spreading it out, you want to leave it in a lump of sorts – the whole idea of this technique is to have raised bits of paint. Use palette knives to help fashion the paint into the shape you want. Don’t worry about leaving marks from brushes or knives – again with impasto, you want rough texture and having marks from brushes or knives helps add to the feel of the painting.

    Oils dry very slowly indeed. This can be problematic with impasto because you’ll find that thicker layers of paint can start to crack if they’re left to dry really slowly. The good thing to know is that this can be dealt with very easily. All you have to do is add a medium to the paint. You can get specialised impasto mediums that add to the paint’s thickness and speed up the paint’s drying time without having any negative effects on the paint or the painting.

  • Visual Graphic Arts

    Importance of Colour Modes for Graphic Design Artwork


    RGB colour mode is primarily used working on graphics to be displayed on television or computer monitors (i.e. websites or video) Red, Green and Blue are the primary colours when working with Light. So how can you tell it uses RGB, look very closely at your screen to see a small pattern including Red, Green and Blue dots (RGB colours). When RGB colours are blended together equally and it creates white none of the colours present black is created. This colour is known specifically as ADDICTIVE COLOUR.

    The secondary colours are Cyan, Magenta and Yellow. A simple theory is imagining sitting in a dark room with no light at all the wall in front of you will appear black. Now with three friends sitting directly behind you were to shine three lights Red, Green and blue, the three colours would appear and any overlap creates the white light.

    Red and Green create Yellow light, Green and blue create Cyan and blue and Red create magenta light. But interestingly when the three colours combine together equally they then create White. This is called RGB colour mode and is why it is used on video and website design graphics.


    This colour mode is used for print purposes or media, you may have heard it called the four colour process. Main colours are Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black. It is used when applying ink to paper or canvas. You must double check with the printer before sending artwork as some large format printers can use other colour modes for printing depending on their set-up.

    If you have a graphic ready but it is in RGB mode you can convert it to CMYK, but be aware that this can make the colours very muddy (Subtractive colour), it is always best to start out using the colour mode you are going to use rather than converting the graphics.

    This is why a printers proof is important to get a feel of how the piece will print, too many clients sign off design from screens and when they receive the print ask questions about why the colour looks different. So be sure to get artwork signed off from a printed version rather screen. The difference between RGB and CMYK is how it uses light, CMYK does not give off light of its own, and it simply reflects light from additional sources. In CMYK white is created by absence of colour and the black created by combining the three main colours.

    Cyan and Magenta create Blue, Magenta and yellow create Red, Yellow and Cyan create Green. Black is createdby combining all colours equally; White is when no ink is present thus blank canvas or paper. If a client asks why the colour differs from on screen simply tell them screen is made of RGB colours and print is CMYK as we described so they will look different because they use light differently. If your project is critical and colours need to be matched this would require a pms(Pantone matching system) as detailed below.

    Pantone matching system – PMS

    Pantone Inc developed the matching system way back in 1963 to overcome the above problems with RGB and CMYK when a job requires exact colour matching. They are specials or spot colours used and are matched to the pantone booklet either coated, matt or non coated stocks. You can create your artwork and specify this spot colour whilst asking your client to sign off the colour from Pantone colour book. Pantone colours ensure consistency and are accurate with the printer mixing the colours as directed from Pantone. The only downside to this special colour is the cost, much more expensive but worth it if your job requires accuracy in colours.

    If your client isn’t colour critical use CMYK and hard copy proof for sign off the peace of mind.

  • Visual Graphic Arts

    Poster Printing

    Important: Just because you have the latest copy of Microsoft Word or a basic drawing program does not make you an effective poster designer. There are certain guidelines you must follow when developing an effective, eye-catching poster in terms of fonts, colours, size etc.

    A professional poster designer will be able to not only provide you with a great design but also advise you on the correct paper type based on where the poster will be displayed. For example, a poster that is south facing, outside and by the coast consequently exposed to high levels of UV and rain will need to be printed on different paper than a poster that will be displayed indoors, within a poster frame.

    Keeping your initial design ideas simple is paramount. Choose a design that your market can relate to. Don’t overcrowd the paper and keep your wording simple so that all ages and types of different potential customers that pass by will be able to understand it. Leonardo da Vinci said, “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.” You only need to look at any Apple products to see the truth in that quote.

    Another factor that you will need to think about is the type of ink you will be using and the method of printing you need to use. If your poster is going to be used as an exhibition graphic at a trade show for example you will be requiring a very high-end finish. However if your poster is one of many, advertising a quick turnaround offer, you might want to think about a more economical finish.

    For high end finishes, ink-jet systems are very commonly used. However this method is expensive and wouldn’t be worth using if you needed more than say 20 posters. Anymore than that and you would need to consider litho printing. This method involves quite a bit of time at the outset for the printer. He will need to create a metal plate that is then used to very rapidly print large runs of posters or any type of print for that matter. If you are looking for a more economical option then perhaps a toner based printing system might be more appropriate for you. Using this method allows you to very economically print medium to large runs of posters but at about 70% the quality of an inkjet or litho based system. It all depends on the end purpose of your poster.

  • Art

    Fantasy Artwork

    Fantasy Artwork is a fairly new concept, although it has now been accepted into mainstream artwork. You can just imagine someone sitting there in class, doodling away, trying to get rid of that haunting image that plagues him. Gradually this young person was drawing beautiful colour images that he draped upon his wall in pride, some of the fantasy pictures he was creating no doubt disturbed their parents, although it really did provide a release, a way to really express inner thoughts, whether it is feelings of ‘death’ or maybe even great power. Fantasy Artwork quickly spread across the globe at this point, mainly in poster form.

    However, the internet and computers in general have really taken fantasy pictures to the next level. Some of the most common fantasy images are based around books, after all, when you read a book, your mind conjures up images about the world, and therefore every picture will be different. With a number of ‘fandoms’ out there, it finally gave people the creative outlet in order to express the images that haunted them, they knew somebody would understand the sort of images they were creating.

    Many of the brilliant creators of Fantasy Artwork have begun to work on creative development in computer games, this is one of the real expressions of your inner torment, after all, you won’t have any bigger audience than a video game audience for your images. In fact, the concept has become so popular, you will able to find fantasy artwork almost everywhere you turn, whether it is in a newspaper, or even on a huge billboard in your road.

    The tools to create fantasy artwork have also exploded recently. Previously, you would only be able to create work with a good old fashioned notebook and pen. However, with the introduction of more sophisticated graphics software on computers, we are quickly able to whip something together that is literally spellbinding. We can even create these images in 3D! This really helps bring the fantasy pictures to life.

  • Painting

    Painting by Daylight

    The new enthusiasm for recording ‘impressions’ of a scene and an emphasis on using colour from a scientific perception – as a property of light – combined to enshrine the idea of daylight as best for all painters. I’m one painter firmly in opposition to that idea.

    • In the first place, surely there can be no single ‘Right Way’ of making art. In every time and place art was produced according to one over-arching style, an authoritarian system ruled the society and its artists.

    We see the evidence in the stylistic uniformity of art produced by Stone Age Australians, the art of ancient Egypt and in the prohibitions on depicting human figures in Jewish and Islamic art. In modern times, only ‘Social Realism’ gained official approval in Soviet Russia and Mao’s China and still in North Korea.

    • Other arguments against painting outdoors involve the hazards of unpredictable weather.
    1. Rain. Just a light shower may ruin a watercolour but oil paintings are vulnerable too. Although works in oil on canvas are extremely durable, as evidenced by the 500-year-old paintings in art museums around the world, moisture on a canvas in progress can lead to a condition called ‘bloom.’ This results in a whitish appearance across the work, similar to the ‘bloom’ on the skin of a grape.
    2. Wind. A light breeze will shake a canvas on stretchers, causing a ‘bounce’ that makes precision work harder for the artist. Painting on a rigid panel such as MDF board overcomes this problem but raises a worse one for the future of the painting created on its acidic surface. The watercolour artist isn’t bothered by ruffling of his paper but if the sheet was soaked and stretched in the proper way, drying-out is a worry.
    3. Glare. The intense light from the sky on a sunny day can cause the artist to make errors in judging the colour mixtures she is making on the palette.
    • My most compelling objection is the last: your paintings are never likely to be seen in daylight.When that longed-for day of your first professional exhibition arrives, guess where your art will be shown? Yes, on a wall inside a gallery lit by electricity.

    If you’re lucky, it will be in the form of warm, incandescent spotlights. If not so lucky, the hit may come from halogen bulbs. This light is favoured by jewellers because it enhances the brilliance of diamonds.

    Works on paper will suffer fading over time but for oil-paintings, the halogen is bad news from the start. This is because such light bounces from the surface of the work instead of travelling through the layers of paint to reach the white primer on the canvas and return, revealing the full depth of the work to its viewer.

    • In the worst scenario, galleries will have white neon tubes installed. This form of lighting may well soften the bite of the gallery’s utility bills. It does little to enhance the gallery’s ambience and even less for the art.

    Worse may await your artwork when the buyer takes it home. Many people enjoy putting original art into their homes or boardrooms but few engage the services of a lighting expert or ask advice from the creator of the work. Your painting may be hung above a fireplace, where damage from years of heat and smoke may need restoration the buyer can ill afford.

    • For these reasons, I have four white neon tubes above my easel. It’s the worst choice of light for viewing artwork but if a painting looks good in the studio, it will look good wherever it ends up.

  • Art

    Using Art To Make A Difference

    This method of approaching life would benefit you in number of ways depending on the means you have chosen to communicate through. You can be able to express what you feel easily through visual format whereby you express what you have inside through pictures. Every weight you fee inside would easily be relieved because it is possible.

    One amazing thing about this method of visual art is that it is possible for anyone to use it. Your life will be improved and stress will head out through the door of your life. Through this method, what you cannot put down in words would be seen in the pictures you create and your emotions will be released easily.

    The audio method uses music to create that peaceful environment that the artist wants. Inner peace would be achieved after the exterior peace has prevailed. If there is something that you want to tell the people about yourself or someone else; you can pass it through a well written and sang song. Music moves souls and the message will be driven home effectively.

    Dance therapy is another form of art healing that would relieve you off those stressful moments you have been going through. Your self-esteem will improve when you discover that you can do well in on the dance floor. Slowly the attitude change will spread to the rest of your life and you will be able to have wings and fly.

    The art of healing is a good way to pass your forgiveness message to all those whom you have collided with. They will get your message and reconcile which will restore your relationship with them. Just a simple message you put down creatively would pull a great amount of substance to benefit from.

    Stress, anxiety and depression can be dealt with through art and more art whenever you can. It will help you identify yourself and use the best parts of your abilities for the good purposes. With proper discovery, you can have an emotionally healthy life which would bring a change to the society through the power of art.

  • Art

    Poster Design

    According to some research, people don’t generally look at a poster for more than 1 minute and you will be lucky if they even actually stop to read therefore, in order to attract more attention than a two second brief stare, you will need to make your poster visually captivating and reduce your message right down to it’s basic form. People simply won’t have time or patience to read anything longer that 1 line.

    It is also important that your poster reflects the company image you want to be perceived as. For example, if the poster is for your business you will want it to look professional and have an air of high-end quality about it, if the poster is to advertise a charity you might want it to be printed on recycled paper.

    Your poster needs to.. (in no particular order)

    1. Convey your message without going into too much detail.
    2. Have a clear, clean and crisp design. Clutter on a poster is bad practice.
    3. Not use jargon. Always keep your language simple.
    4. Be alluring and attractive.
    5. Be able to be read from at least 3 metres away.


    1. Forget to get somebody to proof read you design
    2. Use too many fonts
    3. Forget a title or headline
    4. Put too much text and image on your poster. Remember the one third, 2 thirds rule.
    5. Use jargon.
    6. Use light coloured letters on a black or dark blue background.
    7. Use a font size any smaller than 24 points under any circumstances.

  • Art

    Create Event Stage Design

    This goes without saying that it calls for ample efforts on the part of the event managers to arrange everything that is needed to achieve perfection with the event. Here are some tips that will help you create the maximum impact on the audience.

    • Ensure the Audio Is Loud and Clear – Quality sound is of utmost significance in case of any event. It helps to convey the right messages to the audience. This helps to enhance the overall optimistic audience experience. Ensure that there is an effective sound distribution across the venue. It is essential to place at least one speaker in every corner of the room. 4 speakers are required for a 200 capacity event.
    • Use Appropriate Lighting – Lighting must be properly placed for every individual who will be standing on the stage at various heights. Though it may seem surprising but stage lighting is often the most underestimated and forgotten thing. But it plays a pivotal role not only during the event but also for the videography and the photos. You should use the console to control the lighting of the entire room. You also should not go for just one profile light for the speaker. Many people move around the stage while delivering the speech. Under such circumstances, beside the general house lights, minimum 2 lights are required.
    • Choose the Correct Height – Take into account the comfort and the line of sight of the audience when choosing the right elevation of the stage. For any presentation for about 200 seated audiences, 1 and a half feet off the ground is considered perfect. The total clear view that you have available at the venue is to be considered. The height of the stage can rise up to 5 feet depending on the total size of the audience.
    • Always Brand the Lectern – A lectern is always thought to be the most basic staging needs for the presentations. But you should see to it that the lectern is branded as all venues and hotels have variant lecterns that can turn out to be an eye-sore in the centre-stage if it is not branded. The branding must not have much information. It should just have the central colour theme with the logo and the stage is set.
    • Select Microphones Based on Speakers – You should check with the speakers about how they are comfortable while giving the speech. There are speakers who like to move around for effective communication on stage and those who remain static on the lectern. The best thing is to be prepared for all situations. Be prepared with lapel mics, lectern mics as well as cordless mics for the audiences to start the question answer session. You should also make sure that your event crew is ready after each presentation for passing on the mics to whoever requires it.


  • Painting

    Face Painting Products

    With so much choice, how do you go about choosing the best and most suitable products? It is important that you do not buy paints that are not suitable for face or body painting. This is due to the fact that they are not suitable to be used on the face, especially a child’s face, so make sure that you buy face paints that are designed especially for the job. Of course, these are likely to cost more, however, given the alternative, which is the possibility of injury being caused by substandard paints; it is well worth shelling out that little bit extra.

    Of course, once you have bought the paints, you will also need to buy other items such as brushes and sponges in order to apply the paint. These will also need to be supplies that are designed especially for the task of face painting, as sponges and brushes can also cause allergic reactions if they have not been designed with that in mind.

    Painting supplies is easy. A quick search of the internet is all you need to do in order to find a plethora of different companies that are in a position to sell you professional ones. Once you have found the best face painting product seller, all you have to do is to order all of the equipment that you will need.

    As you can see, there are a number of things that you will need to consider when the time comes to buy face painting products, such as doing business with a reputable company, and purchasing face paints and accessories that are safe to use.

  • Painting

    Typography Best Practices

    Emojis = Pictures + Character (Jennifer Daniel, Google Emoji)
    Emojis are images that may translate into different meanings across different devices. Jennifer gave an example about how the “dumpling” emoji looks different across different chat platforms -every culture has a dumpling!
    I found an interesting tension in this statement -emojis should have a consistent user experience (across platforms), yet still be personalized to their users.

    Ubiquitous type is can cause user confusion (Mr. Keedy)
    Mr. Keedy created Keedy Sans, a popular font in the 90’s. The font was considered “uncool” 10 years later and used everywhere. Keedy sans is used on teenage girl makeup packaging, as well as winebars. This could create a bad user experience for people because of lack of branding. Last year, Mr. Keedy refreshed his font -to create greater customization and allow Keedy fans to layer the font for interesting visual effects.

    Braille is a form of typography (Ellen Lupton, Cooper Hewitt)
    Ellen talked about how blind individuals read Braille in a unique way -holding it across their body. She also demonstrated a blind person’s experience watching music videos by showing the accessibility voiceover.

    Brand holds content together with design (Gale Bichler, NYTimes)
    Gale foused on how the New York Times(NYT) has branded itself as a publication that experiments with many types of fonts. NYT can play around with different types and massive fonts as illustration. If someone picks up a page from the floor, they can usually tell that it’s from the New York Times because of branding.

    Picking fonts is like eating ice cream. (Veronika Burian and Jose Scaglione, Type Together)
    When combining fonts, look at mechanic and organic feels. Veronika and Jose talked about how people like humanist fonts, with a hint of a calligrapher’s hand. Ideally, you should find a balance typefaces share a common language.