Joan Miro was born on the 20th of April 1893 in Palma, Majorca, Spain. He was born to a family of Goldsmiths and cabinet makers. He began to have interest in drawing at the age of 7 when he enrolled at the Carrer del Regomir 13. In 1907 he then enrolled at the La Llotja fine arts academy. His father was greatly dismayed at his decision because he wanted his son to pursue the family’s business. When Joan had his art exhibit in 1918, his works were greatly ridiculed by the public. Even so, he went on doing his work and moved to Paris in 1920. He was greatly inspired by the Cubist and Surrealist from abroad that he wanted to share his works in the art community in France.
During the early periods of his career, his works can be compared to that of Van Gogh and Cezanne. His artworks during this time depict different trends such as the brilliant colors used in Fauvism, usage of shapes found in the Cubism artistic style, influence from Catalan art, and the Roman Frescos from churches. Experts often dubbed this period as the Catalan Fauvust Periond, in reference to his works. He had even developed a surrealist background when he took this trip to Paris that in 1928, he joined the exhibit along with other surrealist painters at the Gallery La Licorne. Though he had a strong inspiration in surrealism, Joan still managed to keep a distinct quality on most of his art works.
In the early 1930’s, Miro was able to gain interest in doing collages and sculpture, some of which show his surrealist influence. It was also in this decade that he began to experiment on different artistic forms such as lithography, engraving, painting over copper, watercolors, and pastels.
In the 1950’s, some of his famous works during this period are the 2 ceramic murals painted on the walls of the UNESCO building entitled the “Wall of the Moon” and the “Wall of the Sun”. Since then, Joan Miro created a series of sculptures and ceramics to be placed in the garden of Maeght Foundation located in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France. His works were completed in 1964.
In 1974, Miro made the World Trade Center Tapestry which he originally refused to do. It was one of the most expensive artworks done by him and was lost during the unfortunate 9/11 attack.
During his later years, Joan Miro continued to do some artworks. He suffered from heart ailment and died at his homeland on Christmas day of 1983.
Joan Miro style is more distinct compared to other prolific artist. He known to be a Catalan painter who was able to successfully combine the surrealist style which is evident in his sculptures, lithographs, murals, and etc. made for public spaces.